“In Walked Bud” was based on the chord progression of “Blue Skies”, an early pop standard composed in 1927 by Irving Berlin. Monk composed “In Walked Bud” as a tribute to friend and fellow jazz pianist Bud Powell.
Many biographies of Powell have cited “In Walked Bud” as Monk’s gratitude for Powell’s actions in his defense during a police raid of the Savoy Ballroom in 1945. According to Monk biographer Thomas Fitterling, the police raided the venue and singled out Monk, who refused to show his identification and was arrested with force. Powell, a fan of Monk’s, then attempted to prevent the police from the door and yelled, “Stop, you don’t know what you’re doing. You’re mistreating the greatest pianist in the world.” According to this account, Powell was struck in the head by a police officer with a nightstick, suffering an injury that led to a pattern of institutionalizations and destructive behavior that plagued the rest of his career. Other sources have explained Powell’s injury differently; Miles Davis said Powell was beaten by a Savoy Ballroom bouncer after walking in the club without any money, while Dexter Gordon claimed he was beaten while in police custody after his arrest for drunk and disorderly conduct in a Philadelphia train station.
Flute, Alto Sax (1), Tenor Sax (1,2), Baritone Sax, Trumpet in Bb (1,2,3,4), Trombone (1,2,3), Bass Trombone, Guitar, Piano, Acoustic Bass, Drum Set.